Some books

I have read over a hundred books and journal articles while doing this research. Some only had a chapter, or a paragraph, that was relevant, others needed my full attention.  Some were available through Kent Libraries, but most were not. I used instead the Templeman Library at the University of Kent.

There are a couple of ways to do this. Anyone can visit the library and read the books there. Alternatively, you can join the library as an external borrower at a cost, currently,  of £120 a year. This allows you to borrow up to eight books for four weeks at a time, though there are restrictions on core texts, and of course journal articles have to be read in the library. The library has long opening hours, and if you visit on Sundays it’s quiet and free to park.

Some books were relevant to Kent, others covered specific subjects, such as theatre, costume or alehouses. Then there were books on religion, or politics, The books are too numerous to list here, but these are some of the most useful (as well as Everitt & Clarke, which have already been mentioned).


Detsicas,  A. And N. Yates Studies in Modern Kentish History Maidstone: 1983)

Gibson, James M. Ed., Kent: Diocese of Canterbury (Records of Early English Drama)  1982

  •  Lists the travelling players who came to Hythe and the participation of some of the inhabitants in            music and drama

Hull, Felix (Ed.),  A Calendar of the White and Black Books of the Cinque Ports 1432-1955  (Kent: 1966)

  • Summarises  in modern English all the Brotherhood and Guestling meetings and the business carried out

Eales, Jacqueline, Community and Disunity: Kent and the English Civil Wars, 1640-1649  ( Faversham: 2001)

Knafla, Louis A., Kent at Law  Vols 1 & 2  (Chippenham: 2011)

  • Includes details of a Star Chamber case in 1601 involving dirty dealings by the great and good of Hythe

Lansberry, Frederick, ed., Government and Politics in Kent, 1640-1914 (Kent: 2001)

Pearson, S., The Medieval Houses of Kent: An Historical Analysis  (London: 1994)

Zell, Michael, ed.,  Early Modern Kent, 1540-1640 (Kent: 2000)

Dulley A.J.F. ‘Four Kent Towns at the End of the Middle Ages, Archaeologia Cantiana LXXXI 1966

  • Very helpful explanation of the fishing industry


Bentley, G.E., The Jacobean and Caroline Stage (Vol 1 Dramatic Companies and Players) (Oxford:1941)

Clark, Peter, The English Alehouse: A Social History, 1200-1830 (London: 1983)

Cunnington, C. Willet and Phillis,  A Handbook of English Costume in the 17th Century (London: 1955)

Lane, Joan, Apprenticeship in England, 1600-1914 (London: 1996)

Pelling, Margaret, The Common Lot: Sickness, Medical Occupations and the Urban Poor in Early Modern England  (London: 1998)

Schurer, Kevin and Tom Arkell, eds., Surveying the People: The interpretation and use of document sources for the study of population in the later seventeenth century. (Oxford: 1992)

Slack, Paul, The Impact of Plague in Tudor and Stuart England London and Boston: Routledge & Kegan Paul, 1985;

Spufford, Margaret, Small Books and Pleasant Histories: Popular fiction and its Readership in Seventeenth Century England (London: 1981)

                                      The Great Reclothing of Rural England: Petty Chapmen and their Wares in the Seventeenth Century  (London: 1984)

McGurk, J.J.N.,  A Levy of Seamen in the Cinque Ports, 1602 in The Mariners’ Mirror 66, no.2 (1980)

  • How impressment into the navy worked


Borsay, Peter,  The English Urban Renaissance: Culture and Society in the Provincial Town, 1660-1770  (Oxford: 1979)

Barry, Jonathan,  and Christopher Brooks, eds., The Middling Sort of People: Culture, Society and Politics in England, 1550- 1800  (London: 1994)

Cross, Claire, Church and People in England 1450-1660 (Oxford: 1976)

Durston, Christopher, Cromwell’s Major-Generals: Godly Government during the English Revolution (Manchester: 2001)  

Eales JacquelineWomen in Early Modern England, 1500-1700 (London: 1998)

Green, I.M. The Re-establishment of the Church of England (Oxford: 1978)

Keeler, M.F.,  The Long Parliament, 1640-1641: A Biographical Study of its Members,  (Philadelphia: 1954)

Matthews, A.G., Calamy Revised  (Oxford: 1934)

                            Walker Revised: Being a Revision of John Walker’s Sufferings of the Clergy during the Grand Rebellion 1642-60, (Oxford: 1947)

  • Both these books have exhaustive research on the Puritan and Laudian clergy of mid-century and what happened to them during the Commonwealth and Restoration. Here I finally found the elusive Mr Wallace.

Mendelson, Sara, and Patricia Crawford,  Women in Early Modern England, 1550-1720  (Oxford, 1997)

Monod, Paul Kleber, The Murder of Mr Grebell: Madness and Civility in an English Town ((Boston: 2003)

  • A fascinating study of Rye during the seventeenth century and beyond. The town became a Puritan enclave and enthusiastically prosecuted witches.

Slack, Paul and Peter Clark, eds, Crisis and Order in English Towns, 1500-1700: Essays in Urban History (Toronto: 1972)

Underdown, David , Fire from Heaven: The Life of and English Town in the Seventeenth Century (London: 1992)

  • A study of Dorchester, another town which in the seventeenth century was ruled by the Godly.

Finally I must mention Ian Mortimer’s ‘The Time Traveller’s Guide to Elizabethan England’ (London: 2013).

I had thought hard about how to start this story of Hythe in the seventeenth century and starting in 1600 seemed too abrupt. I finally came up with the idea of an imaginary walk through the town, describing all I had learnt about its environment and people. Then I read ‘The Time Traveller’s Guide’. I was outraged. This man had taken my idea before  I had even thought it,  in fact even before his Elizabethan England book. He had previously written, I discovered,  ‘The Time Travellers Guide to Medieval England’  in 2008.

To be serious, they are both excellent books, and Mortimer is an innovative historian who makes quite complex ideas accessible to everyone.  I am also very grateful to him for publishing on line a ‘Directory of Medical Personnel Qualified and Practising in the Diocese of Canterbury circa 1560-1730’ (available at It was this which first brought my attention to the gross malpractice of Hythe physician John Grove, more of whom later.



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